RESTRAINT TRAINING FOR SCHOOLS/COLLEGES/EDUCATION SECTOR
Positive Handling in Schools, Colleges.
The positive handling course provides your teaching and pastoral staff confidence in their intervention strategy when managing pupil challenging and violent behaviour, safe in the knowledge that interventions are legal, safe and reflect national guidance and best practice.
Do you and your staff fully understand their rights and responsibilities when holding a child? Are legally compliant holds being used in your school?
Use of Reasonable Force
The right of teachers to use reasonable force to stop children from fighting or to make a pupil leave the classroom if they persistently refuse is laid down in the Education and Inspections Act 2006. However, on the key point of what constitutes reasonable force, the guidelines are still vague and current and up-to-date training for staff is essential.
Advice for head teachers, staff and governing bodies 2011
There is a power, not a duty, to use force so members of staff have discretion whether or not to use it. However, teachers and other school staff have a duty of care towards their pupils and it might be argued that failing to take action (including a failure to use reasonable force) may in some circumstances breach that duty.
Trends In Violence
- A survey in 2008 by the ATL found that 29% of teachers had been punched, kicked or bitten by pupils, while one in 10 said they had been injured by an aggressive or violent pupil.
- In 2008 answers to the Freedom of Information request from 25 of 39 police forces in England showed 7,311 recorded incidents where officers were called into schools.
- Children were suspended from school on more than 80,000 occasions in 2009 for attacking teachers and classmates, official figures from the DCSF.
- 2009 Primary age pupils were permanently expelled 320 times for attacking teachers and other children
How SM&RT Circles Can Help
The physical handling techniques staff will learn include practising guiding and prompting techniques, low level holds and finally responding to increasing levels of hostility, for example walking the pupil, sitting them down, going to knees and de-escalating the situation and restoring calm.
The course covers:
- Understand the requirements of the various pieces of legislation with regard to the Physical Restraint of Children and Young People including: The Children Act 1989 and associated Government guidance documents, The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, The Education Act 1997, The Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006, The Education and Inspections Act 2006
- Understand Reasonable Force in relation to physical restraint by reference to Common & Criminal Law
- Examine the requirements of Health and Safety statute and associated Regulations and show how they apply to physical restraint
- Evaluate the risk of positional asphyxia and other risks associated with physical restraint and explore how to minimise those risks
- Differentiate between holding, escorting and restraining and non-harmful seated restraint techniques and how to apply
- Demonstrate and explain how to gradually de-escalate and relax restraint to allow the subject being restrained to regain self-control
- Explore when it may be possibly necessary to use a more restrictive technique consistent with the principles of Reasonable Force, Health and Safety statute and the Human Rights Act